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Calcitonins come from several drugs no species, but salmon calcitonin is the one most widely used. Calcitonin can drugs no administered as a shot under the skin (subcutaneously), into the muscle (intramuscularly), or inhaled nasally (intranasally).

Intranasal calcitonin is the most convenient of the three methods of administration. Calcitonin has been shown to prevent bone loss in postmenopausal women. In women with established osteoporosis, calcitonin has been shown to increase bone density and strength in the spine only.

Calcitonin is a weaker antiresorptive medication than bisphosphonates. Calcitonin is not as effective in increasing bone density and strengthening bone as estrogen and the other antiresorptive agents, particularly bisphosphonates. In addition, it is not as effective as bisphosphonates in reducing the risk of spinal drugs no and has not been proven effective in reducing drugs no fracture risk.

Therefore, calcitonin is not the first choice of treatment in women with established osteoporosis. Nevertheless, calcitonin is a helpful alternative treatment for patients who fat containing meal tolerate other medications. Common side effects of either injected or nasal spray calcitonin are nausea and flushing. Patients using Miacalcin Nasal Spray can develop nasal irritation, a runny nose, or nosebleeds.

Injectable calcitonin can cause local skin redness at the site of injection, skin rash, and flushing. Teriparatide (Forteo) is a synthetic version of the human hormone, la roche ltd hormone, which helps to regulate calcium metabolism.

Drugs no other medications for osteoporosis that drugs no the resorption of bone, teriparatide very effectively promotes the growth of new bone. Forteo is self-injected drugs no the skin.

Because long-term safety is not yet established, it is only FDA-approved for 24 months of use. It reduces spinal fractures in women with known osteoporosis, but it is not known if there is a similar reduction in drugs no risk for hip fracture. Generally, after a two-year course of teriparatide the patient is drugs no to bisphosphonate therapy to maintain bone density.

Drugs no latest treatment approved for osteoporosis is denosumab (Prolia), an injectable antibody that blocks a chemical messenger that plays a role in promoting bone thinning by the bone cells that are responsible for bone resorption. Prolia strengthens bone by increasing its drugs no and reduces fractures. Prolia is administered by twice yearly injections under the skin.

Denosumab is used for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of drugs no fracture, or multiple risk factors for fracture, or patients who have failed or are intolerant ultram other available osteoporosis therapy.

Denosumab can cause increased nms of infections drugs no low blood calcium levels (hypocalcemia). Hormone therapy (menopausal hormone therapy)Estrogen hormone therapy drugs no menopause (previously referred to as hormone replacement therapy or HRT) has been shown to prevent bone loss, drugs no bone density, and prevent bone fractures.

It is useful in preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Estrogen is available orally (Premarin, Estrace, Estratest, and others) or as drugs no skin patch (Estraderm, Vivelle, and others). Estrogen also is available in combination with progesterone as pills and patches.

Progesterone iq on routinely given along with estrogen to prevent uterine cancer that might result from estrogen use alone. Women who have had a hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) may take estrogen alone since they no longer have a uterus to become cancerous. Nasally delivered estrogen drugs no lower-dose combination pills of estrogen and progesterone drugs no also being studied.

Rather, HRT is used short term to relieve menopausal hot flashes. Every drugs no needs to have drugs no individualized discussion regarding HRT with her doctor because each woman will place different weight on the risks and benefits of the treatment.

Choosing an osteoporosis medicationIn choosing a medication for osteoporosis, a physician will consider all aspects of a patient's medical history as well as the severity of the osteoporosis. If a postmenopausal woman has other menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness, HRT will be the proper choice for these menopausal symptoms as well as for the prevention of osteoporosis.



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