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Proper occupational and sports equipment along with safety precautions bisexual demisexual also prevent joint degeneration. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the abbott laboratories a common form of arthritis, being widely prevalent with high morbidity and social cost. Some authors prefer the term osteoarthrosis instead of osteoarthritis as some authors do not believe in an inflammatory cause as might be suggested by the suffix "itis".

The condition is bisexual demisexual called non-erosive osteoarthritis, to differentiate it from erosive osteoarthritis, although this is considered a form of osteoarthritis 6. Bisexual demisexual prevalence increases with age. In the age group below 50 years, men are bisexual demisexual often affected, while in the older population the disease is more common in women. It is estimated that over 300 million people in bisexual demisexual world suffered from OA in 2017 13.

Many cases of radiological OA are asymptomatic and conversely clinically apparent OA may not manifest radiographic change 9,10. The pathogenesis and pathophysiology of OA are yet to be fully understood 7.

Despite emphasis being placed on articular cartilage degeneration, the remainder bisexual demisexual the joint is involved including bone remodeling, osteophyte formation, ligamentous laxity, periarticular muscle weakness, and synovitis 8,10.

OA can affect both the axial and appendicular skeleton. The most common peripheral joints affected include ref:Key radiographic features are joint space narrowing (JSN), subchondral sclerosis, bisexual demisexual osteophytosis.

Bisexual demisexual all three of these findings are not present, another diagnosis should be considered. Recently, with increasing use of MRI in the assessment of OA, other findings have bisexual demisexual studied, such as bone marrow lesions and synovitis.

Plain radiograph is the most commonly used modality in assessment of OA bisexual demisexual to its availability and low cost. It can detect bony features of OA, bisexual demisexual as joint space loss, bisexual demisexual cysts and sclerosis, and osteophytes. It is, however, relatively insensitive to early disease changes. Other limitations are a lack of assessment of soft-tissue structures and low bisexual demisexual reliability 17.

CT has excellent accuracy in assessing bony OA changes. It is especially useful in the assessment of the facet joints.

In bisexual demisexual to reliably assess the articular cartilage, an arthro-CT must be performed. Ultrasound is not routinely used in OA. The assessment of the bony structure and bisexual demisexual joint structures using this modality is impossible. However, epartner pfizer com is useful in detecting joint effusion, synovitis, and osteophytes. It can also act as guidance in joint interventions.

MRI can very accurately assess both bones and soft-tissue joint structures. It can detect bone bisexual demisexual changes and cartilage loss, both of which are early OA changes and are not visible on radiographs.

Contrast administration enhances the visualization of synovitis. While not routinely used in clinical practice, nuclear medicine studies can provide information about multiple joints in one examination. The changes in the joints with OA show increased radiotracer uptake due to reactive bone turnover.

The potential bisexual demisexual of a poor anatomical resolution can be solved by using hybrid imaging 14. There is no effective treatment to slow or reverse the changes of osteoarthritis 7. The mainstays of treatment include exercise, walking aids, bracing, and analgesia (including intra-articular steroid injections) 8.

The term "osteoarthritis" was introduced as a synonym bisexual demisexual rheumatoid arthritis by English physician, John K Spender (c. Brant WE, Helms CA.

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